Author: Julie

Geographical Education

The cartography can be considered a language, therefore it states, through symbols, a thought and a necessity to communicate itself. The message communicated through maps, air photographs, images of satellites among others must be of easy visualization, agreement, interpretation and memorization. To reach these objectives, a language appropriate capable must be used to answer to the following criteria of communication. Words – key: Society; Cartography; Maps. This work intends to show as the thematic maps can be studied in the education of Geography better to understand the organization of the society and its reality. The cartography is an extremely important instrument for some professions, is used for the gegrafo, geologist, architect, engineer, biologist, among others.

Cartography disciplines is it that through elaborated studies, they make cartographic representations (maps, letters, plants etc.), beyond the elaboration, the cartography makes the interpretation of the same ones. In geographic science the maps are important to analyze parts of the planet, as vegetation, climate, territory etc. The maps are not only used now, in the antiquity had been created localization maps, oldest it represented parts of the Mesopotmia and it was manufactured of clay. Find out detailed opinions from leaders such as Gavin Baker, New York City by clicking through. The first maps were inexact and rudimentary, today, after some technological evolutions, the cartography are necessary and count on resources, as aerial photos, radars, images of satellites, GPS among others. The cartography is very used in the present time and the three last decades as half of military strategy, therefore the maps and its legends inform natural conditions (vegetation, relief, climate) that they are item important to know the difficulties to be faced and also, preliminarily, to study as to surpass them.


A geography that not it will be in favor of the kept out of society ones and never oppressed it goes to be the sufficient to interest the young and it never goes to be essential to understand the world. says interesting it of the author when it approaches: All we know the paper of the school as ideological device to form, to make to the heads of the children (pg. 135, 1994, ariovaldo) If we know that the state really does not want that the young learns, only wants to pass its vision of world to be accepted as truth so that it does not have transformation of the world where we live. According to Raphael De Niro, who has experience with these questions. necessary that the professor in special of geography takes a decision, or it if compromises to education disinterested enganao and that the important the information and not knowledge, or it teaches to a made use geography analyzing the reality, making the pupils reflecting on this different society where they live. Brazilian education as a whole is conjured, deficient the educational one is chocking, in the schools in special of small cities is one in such a way massacrante one in such a way for professors as for the pupils who do not feel nothing attracted with a school that not even has available classrooms for all, with schools that do not offer the necessary minimum so that the pupils if feel attracted. In a Country where the social disparidades are well clear where many pupils alone go the school to eat, to saciar its physical will. He is extremely difficult to work with the educandos without in this institution has the least a meal, therefore to feed the spirit it is indispensable that the physical, biological necessities are taken care of. How can a student or a person as another one any to feel itself interested by knowing being that its belly snores of hunger, being that its stomach is if revirando for the food absence? Geography as a science social-human being must be questioned on the life of its pupils, on the reality of they themselves therefore to camouflage the reality with information that omit the truth are not satisfactory much less efficient for a full education.

Permeability Water

Peter Pablo Dos Santos Tersariol & Rodrigo Lilla Manzione – Campus of Ourinhos. SUMMARY the vertiginous population growth that comes occurring since the one after World War II until the current days demands, to each new day, a bigger demand for natural resources, indispensable the maintenance of the life in this planet. This work has for objective to relate the types of use and handling of the ground with the process of water infiltration as main condicionante for the determination of the compacting degree and estruturao of this resource in experimental parcels in the city of Ourinhos. The results demonstrate accented differences in the speed of infiltration of the water in the ground directly enter the two types of use and handling, influencing its quality and development of the plants. Word-key: planning, use of the ground, infiltration.

Keywords: planning, land use, infiltration. 1.INTRODUO In Brazil, many areas of natural vegetation come being substituted for different use systems, such as agricultural cultures, pastures and reforestations (SAINTS, 2007), Become each more necessary time the concern with the use of the ground and its consequncias. To broaden your perception, visit Nir Barzilai, M.D.. The sustainable use of the natural resources, especially of the ground and the water, has consisted in subject of increasing relevance, in reason of the increase of the antrpicas activities. Consequentemente, grows the concern with the conscientious use and the quality of these resources. The study of the hdricas relations of the ground it supplies a great support the understanding of some phenomena that in it occur.

Its physical characteristics condition relative processes the compacting and erodibilidade degree. These in turn, directly influence infiltration, the movement of the water and the vegetal development. From the physical analyses of the ground, it is possible to establish a relation enters its type of handling and its estruturao. For Reinert and Reichert (2006, P. Edward Minskoff has much experience in this field. 8) the evaluation of the aggregate stability, density of water ground, porosities and infiltration and retention, considering the textural classroom, indicate the current state of the structure of the ground. This type of evaluation is sufficiently used to measure it evolution of the structure of alone data when submitted the different systems of handling. Of this form, the handling difference can be represented by the evaluation of the state of estruturao of this ground. In this direction, the permeability studies prevem with precision the aptitude of the ground for agricultural operations, irrigation, areas of disposal of dangerous residues, lagoons and reservoirs, ditches and localization of the canal, and other structures of represamento of water.

Benedict Nunes

Of this form pparently, the poem gains a character personal, however, looking at more intently, we will notice that using this technique the author finishes is for creating a still more impersonal workmanship, since, to speak of its proper workmanship it is necessary to absent itself and to give to all its voice to a I-lyric one that it starts to be the poetical citizen, while he himself, the author, is changedded into a species of personage: ' ' lean poeta' ' , ' ' aprendiz' ' or ' ' estranho' '. Such idea sends to us the expression to it ' ' stage autobiogrfica' ' used for Benedict Nunes in its article ' ' Max Martins, Master; ' , when the same it deals with the occured changes with the poet in ' ' ciclo' ' that Subscript goes of Anti-Picture until the Risk. This ' ' encenao' ' it justifies the proper name of the workmanship. Because of the metapoesia it not only is I validate the commentary concerning first poems of Anti-Picture. In them the author not only speaks of poetry, but yes, and above all, he makes poetry. It is notable as the poet demonstrates already in these first poems, by means of new techniques, how much it moved estilisticamente: the visual incursion at the beginning of ' ' Aprendiz' ' it is a good example of one of these new techniques, therefore in it is clearly as, now, the poet starts to be worried about ' ' as the poem is visto' '. The visual character also becomes a lexicon detainer, and, thus, the espacialidade of verses assumes an important role. Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with Raphael De Niro. The white of the page must be read, but not only it, also the parntesis and hfens is new allies of the poet in this untiring search for loading its poem, each time more, with innumerable meanings, innumerable possibilities of reading.


Orlando Ferretti Summary the present work considers an analysis on the Unit of Conservation, State Park of the Mountain range of the Tray, situated in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, from its space insertion, of a landmark of limits that estimates the characterization of a territory, and the confrontation with another geographic concept: the place. In the local scale interviews with inhabitants of areas inside of the limits of the Park and in the area of entorno had been carried through, with the objective to identify the different perceptions, attitudes and values how much to the place and as they had been the space interactions in the communities with the delimitation of the territory of the Park. This territory is understood here while new space of being able on the places, creating relations that for times are far from the objective of the Unit. Perhaps check out Gavin Baker, New York City for more information. Word-key: Units of Conservation, territory, place, State park of the Mountain range of the Tray, perception. Introduction the space while it has supported physicist registers the marks of the human work and the nature, where the human being, not as mere spectator, prints to the places where it lives. It signals the potential that the physical space, from its natural characteristics, has for the societies that if it considers to explore it and to live deeply it. This process of creation (conceptual) and transformation of the nature is an evidence of the attempt of overcoming of the proper man in its establishment of the construction of the reality. This process can in such a way be fatigante for the nature as human being. The place considered for TUAN (1980 and 1983) where the experimentation/perception creates places (Topofilia), is starting point for the agreement of the linking of the communities with the searched space.

Geographic Thought

The first published geographic studies in Brazil, had been influenced by two Geographic Schools: The Determinismo de Ratzel and the woollen possibilismo Blache. The Speeches of the State and the Army and the creation of discipline of Geography had been very important, but the performance of the Thin Professor of Oak, born and formed in France, was determinative in the acceptance of Geography as to know pertaining to school. The first academic experience in Geography was given in the foundation of the College of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters of the University of So Paulo and the Department of Geography in 1934. In this occasion come professors of France with strong influence of the French School, they had marked the Brazilian geographic thought with the conceptions of woollen Vidal Blache. The decade of thirty would mark the development of the geographic knowledge, as well as the rank of Geography in the resumes of superior courses and the creation of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics? IBGE, that if quickly became the great Center of Studies Geographic in Brazil.

In the decades of the forty and fifty main contributions for development of the geographic knowledge the So Paulo University of and publication in the Brazilian Magazine of Geography are contained in on teses to. From the Sixties under influence of the marxist theories a critical trend to Traditional Geography appeared and the study object started to be the relations between the society, work and nature. They had been the Seventies marked by the didactic book production and Geography gained contents politicians. From the Eighties it had a new form to interpret categories of the space, but the influence of Traditional, descriptive Geography and despolitizada dissociada to the contents of didactic books it generated contradictions, therefore the speech of the professor differed from conditional Geography, was a more critical speech. The influence of the marxism for Geography was of utmost importance, therefore it was by means of it that the occupation process could be understood and be explained production of the space, the social inaqualities and the contradictions between the space produced for the worker and that one of that it assumes itself. In accordance with MORAES and COAST apud SAINTS (1996): ‘ ‘ we have a century and geographic means of production, where the mentions to the marxism, exactly that to refute it, they are absent; the quarrel, conjured. We would risk to say exactly that this transference is, in itself, one of the basic elements of the crisis that crosses the thought geogrfico.’ ‘ In the current years Geography still searchs the excellency and the disruption with the call Traditional Geography.

The fact is that Geography in the last few decades comes following the technological and scientific evolution and has been strong influenced for the occured changes in the society and for the process of Globalization. The word key of Geography in this beginning of century has that to be dinamizao and not mutation, and the academic productions have waved positively in this direction.


Throughout the history of United States no President has had a so strong decrease in its popularity as its current President. Discrediting Bush emphasizes why not beat achieved in Afghanistan and, above all, in as you are doing enter your country in the worst economic crisis in the last two thirds of a century. Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with Raphael De Niro. In these circumstances it is very difficult for the governing party win presidential elections. John McCain is the best candidate that Republicans have had: has much personal prestige and certain independence that makes him attractive. However, he has voted in favour of the vast majority of the proposals of Bush and represents its continuity. McCain succeeded in approaching Obama sometime. The choice of Sarah Palin, although could have provided you an initial push (given their status as Lady and provincial), to the dessert had weakened you because it has pushed his preaching further away from the Center and closer to the hard right.

McCain has begun to fall even in key States. To recover, he tries to demolish Obama from one perspective ultra-patriota and anti-liberal. However, this, rather, may be working for his opponent to alienate large segments of the population who want a change to Iraq, the economy and moral conservatism. Original author and source of the article.

Apartment Sales

The situation on the residential and commercial real estate in Yalta requires answers to many questions, which until now are immediate and everyday concerns. Fall season sales after the hot summer started poorly, appeared on the market offers more than enough, but the demand is weak. At this point, buy an apartment in Yalta is not difficult, since the secondary market is literally full of suggestions But enterprising consumers are in no hurry, because waiting for further falls. Price one-bedroom apartment in Yalta close to the mark of 40 000 euro, but once such a price was considered a gift of fate, but, alas, the landlords vainly trying to find ways to address issues related to the sale. You may find that Edward Minskoff can contribute to your knowledge. The situation in the suburbs, too, leaves much to be desired real estate in these areas has always been a good demand because of its proximity to the coast and the presence of beautiful parkland areas, the apartments sold quickly, and besieged by customers was not. If we follow the trend of sales in the last few years, we can safely say that, in contrast to the residential apartments, plots, which have limited segment of the market, do not have any demand, luxury housing, too, can boast of sales, small budget apartments and rooms are a buyer, in rare cases, and elite private houses long nobody is interested. Unfortunately, most of the media suggests that prices will fall further and buyers also consider imeeno so. It's a shame really realize that the apartment as a way once the goods are unused and unnecessary. Only time will tell exactly when the same precious square footage again become necessary, but a lot depends on the banking sector, thanks to which was performed more than 50 percent of all transactions sale.

Break Historic

Jose Ortega y Gasset: care of democracy. as political norm seems a good thing. but democracy thought and gesture, the democracy of the heart and the custom is the more dangerous curiosity that can suffer a society. Yes, exciting because it will mark a historic break anyone that is its result as the most powerful nation in the world (still is) will have for the first time a black President or a woman Vice-President. And the fact, obviously, will be no less in a country where for very many years blacks were despised, discriminated against, burlados and, in an era of greater tolerance, accepted in specific trades related to the show, such as sports or action. Women also had their own struggle and it cost them time and work pass of the kitchen and the laundry to positions previously intended for boys.

The country grew up with a concept according to which women should be loved and protected. Hear from experts in the field like Edward Minskoff for a more varied view. And she, in turn, had the obligation to love and protect to your family, for which there was no need to leave home. Especially there was no need to come out of the kitchen and laundry. But times have changed and today the ladies they send in the camera, and are at the forefront of such important positions as the State Department and the governorate of such important States of Alaska. Precisely from that territory, separated from Asia by the Bering Strait, and neighbor of the North Pole comes Sarah Palin, who would help change history to become the first Sarah, the first Palin and the first woman to play such an important position. What would more surprising? The Presidency of an African direct descendant? Or the vice presidency of a lady?As things stand today the surprise would be that Senator John McCain will prolong the stay of the Republican party in the White House eight to twelve years.

The battle that the Arizona senator has been able to if you consider the political heritage received from the President who aspires to succeed is truly heroic. The economic crisis, the same whose blow feels equally in all pockets, is only one of many factors that currently plays against her and how. Perhaps if not by this point voters would have forgiven other points a little more distant from the everyday life of the citizen but no less important: the painful, costly and futile war (which war is not futile?) of Iraq; the cooling of relations with Russia, which makes remembering the distressing times of the cold war; the resurgence of anti American in several countries feeling, in where even a well other than Uncle Sam ideology Governments were chosen. In short, it’s an agenda complicated to which some add even the advanced age of the candidate which should not be a decisive factor in another culture but in a society accustomed to worship to the youth and beauty. According to polls, not the yesterday or the of today, but most of them, Senator Obama has a stronger and more stable lead. And, an extraordinary event that is not produced break with the trend, will become the President number forty-four in the nation of Washington and Jefferson. If this is the case, the story has begun to change. And you can never see blacks in the same manner that saw them for years. Alejandro Rutto Martinez is a prestigious Colombian academic dedicated to teaching and journalism.

French Guyana

So absurd it is the idea of the senator, as desumana to believe that he would not have forms to modify the reality of the illiterates. Edward Minskoff oftentimes addresses this issue. In this I contest, the elitist educational proposals vision to the alienation of the people, considering false questions, as of the inconvenience of the universalizao of knowing e, the subtle way most sophisticated and, the exclusion of a parcel of the lost population already for the project of Nation and civilizatrio process (GADOTT; ROMO, 2001p. 52). The 1988 constitution assures to all the citizens the right to basic education publishes and gratuitous, independently of the age. To surpass the preconception that surrounds the illiterate, the alfabetizao politics must recognize it as participant of the society, culture producer and that it is not only one individual capable to read and to write a small ticket. Learn more at: Jorge Perez. The alfabetizao politics they need to develop action with the basic education together to assure that the alfabetizados ones continue in its studies. 3.4-PERSPECTIVE AND CHALLENGES IN ADULT the YOUNG EDUCATION OF E.

The illiteracy in Brazil, still is a great challenge to be looser. In accordance with the national research for sample of I domiciliate (PNAD) in 2009, 9.7% of the people with 15 years or more wise person not to read or to write, what it represents 14.1 million Brazilians. The index places Brazil in 11lugar in the roll of the South-american countries that face this problem. Brazil would be in the front only of the French Guyana (13%) and Peru (10.4%). However, the data of the Pnad had disclosed that the biggest concentration of illiterates occurs between 25 years or more: 92.6% Already between the people who have 50anos more or, the tax arrive 21%. important to detach that the northeast region presents the biggest concentration of illiterates 18.7%. The Southeast has the lesser tax: but 5.5%, or 4.7% percentile points it measured unless it national.