These knowledge if articulate and establish new abilities, innovations, to know that they are become into the life of each individual and, with this, the necessary school to think and to argue collectively on the necessary changes. Thus, the different segments of the school, need to be conscientious of its commitments in the contribution and functional cooperation ahead of this new reality. In this walked a net to know it goes being weaveeed/constructed, evidencing the possibilities of the educandos, its virtues, its difficulties, its deficiencies and its aspirations. It is with this taking of conscience that we recognize the importance of the advent of the Educational Orientation, in view of to guide/to follow educating in all its aspects, from its bio-psico-social reality. The related work presents a bibliographical study carried through in Disciplina ‘ ‘ Educational orientation in the Bsica’ Education; ‘ , integrant of the Course of Specialization in Orientation and Pertaining to school Supervision, of the University Foundation of Support to Ensino, Research and Extension FURNE, when we search to investigate the paper of the Educational Orientation in the Basic Education. We define as objective of our study: To reflect on the paper of the Educational Orientation in the Basic Education, evidencing its contributions to the process teach-learning. Our theoretical referencial is based on Schmidt and Pereira (1975), Nrici (1976), Ferretti (1988), Lck (1986, 1994), Grinspun (2003) and Libneo; Oliveira and Toshi (2007) that in them they had better presented theoretical subsidies for one and ampler understanding of the subject. We focus in this work referring aspects to the origin of Educational orientation, its concepts, principles, objectives and functions, beyond the relationship of the OE with the different segments of the school..