In accordance with the Ministry of the Education and Culture and the Secretariat of the Special Education – MEC/SEESP (1994) is considered deaf the individual that possesss not functional hearing in the common life, and partially deaf that one that, exactly with auditory loss, possesss functional hearing with or without the auditory use of prtese. Of the educational point of view, they are considered, in the deafness, two specific groups that if subdivide, as described to follow. The partially deaf group of engloba the citizens with light deafness and those with moderate deafness. This loss hinders the perfect perception of all fonemas of the word, but it does not hinder the normal acquisition of the language. It can, however, to cause some articulatrio problem or difficulty in the reading and/or writing. The group of the deaf people encloses the citizens with severe deafness and with deep deafness.
This loss allows to the identification of some familiar noises and only the perception of the voice of stronger timbre. The verbal understanding goes to depend on the use of the visual perception for individual in the perception of the context. The severe deafness is very serious and can deprive the citizen of the perception and identification of the voice human being, hindering it to acquire the verbal language of course. The persistence of speeches binding the deafness to the medical question makes to inside predominate a physician-therapeutical boarding of many educational projects since the century passed, persisting until the current days. Still today we can perceive that the medical speeches intend to rehabilitate the deaf people.
Inside of this aspect, Skliar (1998, P. 113) explains that: ' ' The deaf person is considered a person who does not hear, therefore does not speak. He is defined by its negative characteristics; the education if converts into therapeutical, the objective of the pertaining to school resume is to give to the citizen what it lacks to it: the hearing, and its derivative says, it.